Construction Document that makes up a successful project

Some or the other day, we have all met that one professional whose construction works – or a large part of them – had an “early expiration date.” Here “early expiration date” is a term in which the construction work begins to show severe pathologies with time. And believe me when I say this, all of these pathologies could have been prevented by the timely mediation of the construction document whose specifications will work on the useful life of a material or constructive element. This form of work is, in addition to being unprofessional, highly uneconomical.

Why Is the construction document essential for the success of a construction project?

Let’s see, if a work has an “early expiration date”, in addition to exposing ourselves to a questioning of a legal nature, surely it will also show specific pathologies like moisture, surface condensation or interstitial, leaks, mappings of surface terminations and more that will lead to the disenchantment of our client.

As they say, one dissatisfied client means eight that will not resort to our services when they require them because word of mouth is lethal when we do things wrong.

Not to mention that the principals -and the whole society- demand from the professional a clear take on the thermal sealing of an architectural envelope, to consume less energy in winter and summer to internally condition the work. Economy and environmental awareness combine in this demand, which is growing today.

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Remember, the success of a construction project lies in the order and methodism dedicated to the conception of the work. So, how is it possible to arrive at a right port with an architectural project report that lacks complete technical documentation? How to ensure, in short, a satisfied principal?


Any construction process that departs from preparing all the graphics and written construction documents necessary to conduct the work respecting its three fundamental variables, namely: cost, time and quality, is bad construction.

 

Why is not the complete technical documentation made?


Among the reasons that it is possible to guess is a lethal combo of laziness, technical ignorance, little commitment to the work to be developed and the liberating “because the client does not pay for this documentation.”


Is that true? Is the client not willing to pay for the necessary information that will allow the professional to be precise and predictable in the phases of an architectural project, and also, of course, to guarantee an optimum useful life of the enterprise? With this criterion, would a client be willing to undergo surgery without a pre-surgical study? Evidently not, then, why do we assume that you will not pay for the documentation that will allow you to have a work that provides final guarantees of quality and comfort? Do we professionals stop to explain these issues to our clients and take for granted an answer that perhaps is not such?


The dictionary defines Document as the “science of information processing. Integrative and globalizing, it is an enriching and generalist science, of multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary scope “. So, for all this, prepare proper documents, please.


Construction Documents that make up a successful construction project.

In general, a multidisciplinary team of engineers is responsible for executing the phases of an architectural project according to the needs of the same. These studies are then reflected in plans, calculation memories and clear memories that create the specifications and recommendations for the development and correct execution of the work.

Each construction project has different characteristics, so certain plans and studies must or must not be made according to the size of the work.

It is there, where we would like to intervene and explain to you for different project sizes, the various studies, and plans that should be taken into account in a construction project.

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1 Basic Construction Project
The most minimum or straightforward information that should be included in a small-scale construction project, where the complexity of the project is small or nil.

This applies to:

 

  • Rooms houses
  • Remodeling
  • Wineries
  • Annexes
  • External works (platforms, parking, planters, facades, etc.)


Construction document that makes up a primary architectural project are the following:

  • Foundation plan
  • Architectural plan
  • Roof plan
  • Electric plan
  • Hydro Sanitary plan
  • Structural elevations
  • Structural details
  • Take off of work
  • Budget
  • Material’s list

 

2 Construction project of medium complexity
When the complexity of the project increases, there are a series of studies that add to those already mentioned.


It should be noted that these construction documents are required by a bank to formalize and justify financing.

This applies to:

 

  • Cases of bank loans based or not on mortgage (personal loans, mortgage credit)
  • Commercial buildings
  • Commercial warehouses
  • Hotels, hostels, resorts, eco lodged
  • Restaurants
  • Convention Center
  • Private houses of two or more floors.
  • Private investment project

Construction document that make up a medium complexity architectural project are:

 

  • Topographic study
  • Forest survey
  • Hydrological study
  • Survey of floors
  • Foundation plan
  • Architectural plan
  • Roof plan
  • Electric plan
  • Hydro Sanitary plan
  • Structural elevations
  • Structural details
  • Take off of work
  • Budget
  • Physical execution schedule
  • Financial Execution Schedule
  • Disbursement plan

 

3 Construction project high complexity

When projects are significant, it requires more studies, but as the amount of information to process is enormous, the construction document is of considerable size.

 

This applies to:

  • Investment project that is in its ideological stage.
  • Individuals or legal entities that want to know the results of their project before the execution.

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Construction document of a high complexity construction project:

  • Study of pre-feasibility
  • Feasibility study
  • Topographic study
  • Forest survey
  • Reforestation plan
  • Hydrological study
  • Hydraulic design
  • Study of floors
  • Foundation plan
  • Architectural plan
  • Roof plan
  • Electric plan
  • Hydro Sanitary plan
  • Evacuation and risks plan
  • Design of fire detection and extinguishing system
  • Structural elevations
  • Environment Effect investigation
  • Structural details
  • Take off of work
  • Budget
  • Material’s list
  • Physical execution schedule
  • Financial Execution Schedule
  • Workplan
  • Plan for the use of labor and assignments
  • Disbursement plan
  • Set of AsBuilt drawings

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