28th September, which the world remembers and celebrates as mother India’s one of the most cherished son Bhagat Singh’s birthday. He was hanged merely at the age of 23 by the British for the movement of liberating India from their conjuring apprehend.
Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September 1907, to Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati in Lyallpur District of the Punjab province of British India (Now in Pakistan). Interestingly, his father and two uncles Ajit Singh and Swaran Singh were released from jail on the same the day in which he was born. As he grew up observing his family’s patriotism and their participation in India’s freedom movements, he was instilled with the same love for the nation.
In 1919, at the age of 12, Bhagat Singh went to visit the site of Jallianwala Bagh massacre where more than thousands of unarmed people gathered for a peaceful meeting were killed by the British. He was stupefied by seeing the amount of ruthlessness that occurred on such an auspicious occasion.
One of the most esteemed revolutionaries, the great Bhagat Singh was able to make his mark at a very tender age of 16. In 1923, he joined the National College Lahore and took active participation in extracurricular activities that led him to know more about the great revolutionaries around the world. He won an essay competition set by the Punjab Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, for writing on the problems which were then present in Punjab.
In 1926, he joined Hindustan Republican Association which was led by great leaders such as Chandrashekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil and Shahid Ashfaqallah Khan. He got acquainted with other prominent freedom revolutionaries like Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev on his journey to India’s freedom from British rule.
One of the most notable moments of Bhagat Singh’s life was when he had to run away from his home after getting to know that he was about to get married. He left a letter behind for his father who explained he was not ready for the worldly pleasures and his life aimed to fight for India’s freedom. His happiness lies in serving the nation, and if the need arises, he promised to sacrifice himself for the sake of the country.
In 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai was brutally assaulted by the British Police when he led a march against the Simon Commission when James A. Scott, the Superintendent of Police ordered lathi charge against the peaceful protestors. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru and Chandrashekhar Azad together planned to kill Scott and avenge Lala Lajpat Rai’s death. They shot John Saunders out of the District Police Headquarters, Lahore. They managed to escape the incident with the help of other freedom fighters like Durgawati Devi also known as Durga Bhabhi. He disguised in a way that none of the British Police officials were able to identify him while they took the train to Kanpur.
On April 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw bombs in the Central Legislative Assembly. The bomb was designed in such a way no one can be killed or injured or any other physical impact. However, they wanted themselves to get arrested for using court trials and appearances as their stage through which they can send their message of freedom of India to as many people as possible. This had a significant influence in the British Empire, co freedom fighters and the people across India.
Shortly after this incident, he was arrested and for the murder of Saunders and was held guilty for the Lahore conspiracy with Sukhdev and Rajguru. They were sentenced to death and ordered to be hanged on 24th March 1931. However, due to the rising impatience in public due to the love they had for these freedom fighters, they were hanged 11 hours earlier on 23 March 1931 at 7.30pm.
This led to a sharp criticism against the judgement and execution. Press, freedom fighters and the common public all around the nation stood together to overthrow the British Empire shortly after the incident.
Bhagat Singh was one of the greatest freedom fighters that our country has ever seen. It was because of leaders like him we can breathe freely. They lived gloriously and brought mother India the privilege of free thoughts. Let’s pay our greatest tribute to this righteous son of India.
He once said, “They can kill me, but they can’t kill my ideas. They can crush my body, but they will not be able to crush my spirit.”